For some, there should be a considerable distance between organized religion and the state. This simply means that one cannot interfere with the affairs of the other. But despite this want, there is only a degree of separation rather than a complete separation of church and state. This brings the question: is there truly a benefit to this concept or is it full of disadvantages?
List of Pros of Separation of Church and State
1. Politicians won’t be elected based on religion.
In some countries, there is a practice of religious leaders dictating who their church should vote for. Proponents of the separation of church and state believe that a true separation won’t allow this to happen. In other words, elected officials will be put into their position based on factors other than a religious organization backing them up.
2. The state can make laws without opposition from the church.
Supporters of the separation of church and state believe that the state can truly do its job when the church doesn’t interfere. Let’s face it, there are some issues that religious organizations get heated about. For instance, abortion. Some believe that women have a right to do what they want with their bodies but the church condemns the act of abortion.
3. People can choose their own religion.
Whether people want to be associated with a particular denomination or none at all should totally be up to them. Proponents of the separation of church and state believe that a person should not be dictated to choose their religion. This also goes for establishing religious organizations: the state cannot forbid people from doing so.
List of Cons of Separation of Church and State
1. Young children will not be taught about religion in school.
Religious studies are for young schoolchildren are devoted to teaching the difference between right and wrong; they will be taught about good morals. However, a complete separation would mean that some educational institutions might not opt to have religion taught. This would deprive children of being taught good values.
2. The state can make laws without considering the views of the church.
As mentioned in one of the pros, the state can serve the people better if the church doesn’t interfere with their affairs. In short, they can create legislation and pass it without fear of it not succeeding because some religious organizations weren’t in agreement with it. The most concerning thing is legislators drafting laws that have no consideration for morals and values.
3. It prevents people from openly practicing their religion.
When people start working for companies, there are certain rules to follow. Sometimes, those rules forbid them to practice their faith openly. Not being allowed to do so is a violation of their rights.
To this day, there is a degree of separation when it comes to the separation of church and state. While there are some benefits to totally separating the church and state, there are also disadvantages.